The fluoride-salt-cooled high-temperature reactor (FHR) is an advanced reactor concept that uses high-temperature tristructural isotropic (TRISO) fuel with a low-pressure liquid salt coolant. Design of the fluoride-salt-cooled high-temperature test reactor (FHTR) is a key step in the development of the FHR technology and is currently in progress both in China and the United States. An FHTR based on pebble-bed core design with a coolant temperature of 600–700°C is being planned for construction by the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ (CAS) Thorium Molten Salt Reactor (TMSR) Research Center, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP). This paper provides preliminary thermal-hydraulic transient analyses of an FHTR using SINAP’s pebble-bed core design as a reference case. A point kinetic model is implemented using computer code by coupling with a simplified porous medium heat transfer model in the core. The founded models and developed code are applied to analyze the safety characteristics of the FHTR by simulating several transient conditions including the unprotected loss of flow, unprotected overcooling, and unprotected transient overpower accidents. The results show that SINAP’s pebble-bed core is a very safe reactor design.