In nuclear power plants, vibration stress of piping is frequently measured to prevent the occurrence of fatigue failure. A simpler and more efficient measurement method is desired for rapid integrity evaluation of piping. In this study, a method to measure vibration stress in a noncontact manner using optical displacement sensors is presented and validated. The proposed method estimates vibration-induced stress of small-bore piping directly using noncontact sensors based on a light-emission diode. First, the noncontact measurement method was proposed, and the measurement instrument based on the proposed method was developed for the validation. Next, vibration measurement experiments using the instrument were conducted for a mock-up piping system and an actual piping system. The measurement results were compared with the values measured by the conventional method of known accuracy using strain gauges. From this comparison, the proposed noncontact measurement method was demonstrated to be able to provide sufficient accuracy for practical use.