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Research Papers

Analyses of a High Pressure Ratio Intercooled Direct Brayton Helium Gas Turbine Cycle for Generation IV Reactor Power Plants

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Gad-Briggs

Gas Turbine Engineering Group,
Cranfield University,
Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, U.K.
e-mail: a.a.gadbriggs@cranfield.ac.uk

P. Pilidis

Gas Turbine Engineering Group,
Cranfield University,
Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, U.K.
e-mail: p.pilidis@cranfield.ac.uk

T. Nikolaidis

Gas Turbine Engineering Group,
Cranfield University,
Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, U.K.
e-mail: t.nikolaidis@cranfield.ac.uk

Manuscript received March 22, 2016; final manuscript received August 05, 2016; published online December 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Yasuo Koizumi.

ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci 3(1), 011021 (Dec 20, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: NERS-16-1029; doi: 10.1115/1.4034479 History: Received March 22, 2016; Accepted August 05, 2016

The intercooled cycle (IC) as an alternative to the simple cycle recuperated (SCR) and intercooled cycle recuperated (ICR) is yet to be fully analyzed for the purpose of assessing its viability for utilization within Generation IV nuclear power plants (NPPs). Although the benefits are not explicitly obvious, it offers the advantage of a very high overall pressure ratio (OPR) in the absence of a recuperator. Thus, the main objective of this study is to analyze various pressure ratio configurations, the effects of varying pressure ratio including sensitivity analyses of component efficiencies, ambient temperature, component losses and pressure losses on cycle efficiency, and specific work of the IC, including comparison with the SCR and ICR. Results of comparison between the IC and the SCR and ICR derived that the cycle efficiencies are greater than the IC by 4% (SCR) and 6% (ICR), respectively. However, the pressure losses for IC are lower when compared with the SCR and ICR. Nonetheless, heat from the turbine exit temperature of the IC can be used in a processing plant including the possibility of higher turbine entry temperatures (TETs) to significantly increase the cycle efficiency in a bid to justify the business case. The analyses intend to bring to attention an alternative to current cycle configurations for the gas-cooled fast reactors (GFRs) and very-high-temperature reactors (VHTRs), where helium is the coolant. The findings are summarized by evaluating the chosen pressure ratio configurations against critical parameters and detailed comparison with the SCR and ICR.

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References

Locatelli, G., Mancini, M., and Todeschini, N., 2013, “Generation IV Nuclear Reactors: Current Status and Future Prospects,” Energy Policy, 61, pp. 1503–1520. [CrossRef]
Nuclear Research Advisory Committee and Generation IV International Forum, 2002, “A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems,” , USDOE, Washington, DC.
Bhargava, R. K., Bianchi, M., De Pascale, A., Montenegro, G. N., and Peretto, A., 2007, “Gas Turbine Based Power CyclesA State-of-the-Art Review,” International Conference on Power Engineering, April 12-14, IEEE, Setubal, Portugal.
Saravanamuttoo, H. I. H., Rogers, G. F. C., Cohen, H., and Straznicky, P. V., 2009, Gas Turbine Theory, 6th Ed., Pearson Education Limited, England.
Pradeepkumar, K. N., Tourlidakis, A., and Pilidis, P., 2001, “Analysis of 115MW, 3-Shaft, Helium Brayton Cycle Using Nuclear Heat Source,” Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2001 Land, Sea & Air, IGTI, Louisiana, NO.
Pradeepkumar, K. N., Tourlidakis, A., and Pilidis, P., 2001, “Design and Performance Review of PBMR Closed Cycle Gas Turbine Plant in South Africa,” ASME International Joint Power Generation Conference, ASME, New Orleans, LO.
Pradeepkumar, K. N., Tourlidakis, A., and Pilidis, P., 2001, “Performance Review: PBMR Closed Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant,” Proceedings of Technical Committee Meeting on HTGRPower Conversion Systems, International Atomic Energy Agency, Paulo Alto, 99–112.
Sato, H., Yan, X. L., Tachibana, Y., and Kunitomi, K., 2014, “GTHTR300—A Nuclear Power Plant Design with 50% Generating Efficiency,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 275, pp. 190–196. [CrossRef]
Gad-Briggs, A., and Pilidis, P., 2016, “Analyses of Simple and Intercooled Recuperated Direct Brayton Helium Gas Turbine Cycles for Generation IV Reactor Power Plants,” J. Nucl. Eng. Radiat. Sci. 10.1115/1.4033398

Figures

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Fig. 1

Typical intercooled cycle

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Fig. 2

Performance simulation tool structure for IC

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Fig. 3

Effect of OPR on efficiency and specific work

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Fig. 4

Sensitivity analysiseffect of LPC efficiencies on cycle efficiency

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Fig. 5

Sensitivity analysiseffect of HPC efficiencies on cycle efficiency

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Fig. 6

Sensitivity analysiseffect of turbine efficiencies on cycle efficiency

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Fig. 7

Sensitivity analysiseffect of component efficiencies on specific work

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Fig. 8

Sensitivity analysiseffect of compressor inlet temperature on cycle efficiency

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Fig. 9

Sensitivity analysiseffect of compressor inlet temperature on specific work

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