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Technical Brief

REGULATORY CHALLENGES FACED IN DEVELOPING THE REGULATION OF DECOMMISSIONING PLAN FOR INDONESIAN NUCLEAR FACILITIES

[+] Author and Article Information
Sri Budi Utami

Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Jl. Gajah Mada no. 8, Jakarta Pusat-10120, Indonesia
s.utami@bapeten.go.id

Susetyo Hario Putero

Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Grafika 2, Yogyakarta-55281, Indonesia
susetyo@ugm.ac.id

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037078 History: Received September 13, 2016; Revised June 12, 2017

Abstract

The decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Indonesia are mainly based on Act No. 10/1997 on Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Chairman Regulation (BCR) No. 4 Year 2009, and Gov. Reg. no 2 Year 2014 that cover General provisions and licensing requirements of decommissioning and the detailed requirements and guidelines for preparing the decommissioning plan and licensee applications. BCR No. 4 Year 2009 was developed based on the adoption and adaption from the IAEA Safety Guide, WS-G-2.1. Currently, one of three research reactors, TRIGA research reactor 2MW (the oldest which went critical at 250 kW in 1964, and was operated at maximum in 1971 upgrade to 2 MW in 2000), has operated for 45 years, but there is no decision for decommissioning this reactor yet. Indonesia has experience in decommissioning of the phosphoric acid purification facility of the Gresik petrochemical plant. Some aspects of decommissioning, which have been successfully addressed to date, are: regulation, communication; and decommissioning team. Development of human resources, technological capability, and Information flow from more advanced countries are important factor for the future of the nuclear facility decommissioning plan in Indonesia. Some regulations have still not anticipated all the regulatory challenges that might be encountered in the near future. More regulations and guidance are needed to be established by Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency in order to complete the current regulations so that problems can all be anticipated.

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