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research-article

R&D Challenges of Heat Transfer to Supercritical Fluids

[+] Author and Article Information
Xu Cheng

Institute of Fusion and Reactor Technology (IFRT), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Vincenz-Priessnitz Str. 3, 76131 Karlsruhe. Germany
xu.cheng@kit.edu

Xiaojing Liu

School of Nuclear Science and Engineering (SNSE), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), Dongchuan Road 200, 200240 Shanghai, China
xiaojingliu@sjtu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037117 History: Received March 30, 2017; Revised June 06, 2017

Abstract

Supercritical fluids (SCFs) become more and more important in various engineering applications. In nuclear power systems, SCFs are considered as coolant of the reactor core such as the supercritical water cooled reactor (SCWR), superconducting magnets and blankets in the fusion reactors or as fluid in the energy conversion systems of the next generation nuclear reactors. Accurate determination of heat transfer and the temperature of the structural material (e.g. fuel rod cladding) is of crucial importance for the system design. Thus, extensive studies on heat transfer to SCFs have been carried out in the past five decades and are still ongoing worldwide. However, no breakthrough is recognized or expected in the near future. In this paper, the status, main challenges and future R&D needs are briefly reviewed. Three aspects are taken into consideration, i.e. experimental studies, numerical analysis and model development for the prediction of heat transfer coefficient. Several key challenges and also the important subjects of the future R&D needs are identified. They are (a) data base for turbulence quantities, (b) multi solution of wall temperature, (c) extensive RANS method and (d) new prediction method for heat transfer coefficient (HTC).

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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