Effect of Lead-Bismuth Eutectic Oxygen Concentration on the Onset of Dissolution Corrosion in 316 L Austenitic Stainless Steel at 450 °C

[+] Author and Article Information
Oksana Klok

Electrochemical and Surface Engineering
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB),
Pleinlaan 2,
Brussel B-1050, Belgium;
Boeretang 200,
Mol B-2400, Belgium
e-mail: oksana.klok@sckcen.be

Konstantina Lambrinou

Boeretang 200,
Mol B-2400, Belgium
e-mail: klambrin@sckcen.be

Serguei Gavrilov

Boeretang 200,
Mol B-2400, Belgium
e-mail: serguei.gavrilov@sckcen.be

Jun Lim

Boeretang 200,
Mol B-2400, Belgium
e-mail: jun.lim@sckcen.be

Iris De Graeve

Electrochemical and Surface Engineering
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB),
Pleinlaan 2,
Brussel B-1050, Belgium
e-mail: Iris.De.Graeve@vub.be

Manuscript received October 31, 2017; final manuscript received March 6, 2018; published online May 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Wenyue Zheng.

ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci 4(3), 031019 (May 16, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: NERS-17-1269; doi: 10.1115/1.4039598 History: Received October 31, 2017; Revised March 06, 2018

This work focuses on the effect of dissolved oxygen concentration in liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) on the onset of dissolution corrosion in a solution-annealed 316 L austenitic stainless steel. Specimens made of the same 316 L stainless steel heat were exposed for 1000 h at 450 °C to static liquid LBE with controlled concentrations of dissolved oxygen, i.e., 10−5, 10−6, and 10−7 mass%. The corroded 316 L steel specimens were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A complete absence of dissolution corrosion was observed in the steel specimens exposed to liquid LBE with 10−5 and 10−6 mass% oxygen. In the same specimens, isolated “islands” of FeCr-containing oxides were also detected, indicating the localized onset of oxidation corrosion under these exposure conditions. On the other hand, dissolution corrosion with a maximum depth of 59 μm was detected in the steel specimen exposed to liquid LBE with 10−7 mass% oxygen. This suggests that the threshold oxygen concentration associated with the onset of dissolution corrosion in this 316 L steel heat lies between 10−6 and 10−7 mass% oxygen for the specific exposure conditions (i.e., 1000 h, 450 °C, static liquid LBE).

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Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the experimental setup used in this study

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Fig. 2

Test conditions for 316 L steel specimens exposed to static liquid LBE with different concentrations of dissolved oxygen: (a) 10−5 mass%, (b) 10−6 mass%, and (c) 10−7 mass%; all tests were performed at 450 °C for 1000 h

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Fig. 3

Backscattered electron images of 316 L steel specimens exposed at 450 °C for 1000 h in static LBE with oxygen concentration of 10−5 mass% (a), 10−6 mass% (b), and 10−7 mass% (c)

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Fig. 4

Backscattered electron images of (a) uniform- and (b) pit-type of dissolution attack, and (c) the transition zone between the two types of attack in the 316 L steel exposed to static LBE with 10−7 mass% oxygen. EDS line scans across uniform- (d) and pit-type (e) areas of dissolution attack.

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Fig. 5

(a) Backscattered electron image of oxides situated above the dissolution zone and (b) EDS line scan across these oxides

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Fig. 6

Schematic representation of the effect of the LBE oxygen concentration on the onset of dissolution corrosion in 316 L steels




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