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Technical Brief

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF BEAM DIVERGENCE ANGLE ON BACK-STREAMING ELECTRON REGION IN ION SOURCE FOR EAST-NBI

[+] Author and Article Information
Hu Chundong

Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, P.O.Box 1126, Shushanhu road 350 Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R.China
cdhu@ipp.ac.cn

Wu Mingshan

Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, P.O.Box 1126, Shushanhu road 350 Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R.China
mswu@ipp.ac.cn

Xie Yahong

Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 1126, Shushanhu road 350 Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R.China
xieyh@ipp.ac.cn

Wei Jianglong

Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 1126, Shushanhu road 350 Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R.China
jlwei@ipp.ac.cn

Yu Ling

Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 1126, Shushanhu road 350 Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R.China
yuling@ipp.ac.cn

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039694 History: Received October 31, 2017; Revised March 04, 2018

Abstract

During the process of beam extraction in positive ion source under high voltage region, a large number of electrons are produced in the gaps of grids. After back-streaming acceleration, these electrons go back to arc chamber or impinge grids and heat electron dump or grids, which are harmful for the safety of ion source. Under the situation of poor beam extraction optics, a large part of the primary beam ions bombard the surface of suppressor grid. And this process produces a large number of electrons. Due to the huge extracted voltage, the secondary electron emission coefficient of the suppressor grid surface is also great, when beam ions bombard on it. As a result, the grids' current grows. According the measurement of the current of suppressor grid and the calculation of the perveance of the corresponding shoot, we can analyze the effect of beam divergence angle on back-streaming electron. When the beam divergence angle increases, the number of back-streaming electrons increases rapidly, and grids current changes significantly, especially the current of gradient grid and suppressor grid. The results can guide the parameters operating on the ion source for EAST-NBI and find the reasonable operation interval of perveance and the best one to ensure the safety and stable running of the ion source, which has great significance on the development of long pulse, high power ion source.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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