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Technology Review

CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN NUCLEAR-POWER INDUSTRY OF THE WORLD

[+] Author and Article Information
Igor Pioro

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Igor.Pioro@uoit.ca

Romney Duffey

Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA
duffeyrb@gmail.com

Pavel Kirillov

State Scientific Centre of the Russian Federation - Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE) named after A.I. Leipunsky, Obninsk, Russia
kirillov@ippe.ru

Roman Pioro

Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
r_pioro@mail.ru

Alexander Zvorykin

National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Kyiv 03056, Ukraine
panet12388@gmail.com

Rachid Machrafi

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Rachid.Machrafi@uoit.ca

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4042194 History: Received October 22, 2018; Revised November 21, 2018

Abstract

It is well known that electrical-power generation plays the key role in advances in industry, agriculture, technology, and the standard of living. Also, strong power industry with diverse energy sources is very important for a country independence. In general, electrical energy can be mainly generated from: 1) non-renewable energy sources (75.5% of the total electricity generation) such as coal (38.3%), natural gas (23.1%), oil (3.7%), and nuclear (10.4%); and 2) renewable energy sources (24.5%) such as hydro, biomass, wind, geothermal, solar, and marine power. Today, the main sources for electrical-energy generation are: 1) thermal power (61.4%) - primarily using coal and secondarily using natural gas; 2) "large" hydro-electric plants (16.6%); and 3) nuclear power (10.4%). The balance of the energy sources (11.6%) is from using oil, biomass, wind, geothermal and solar, and have visible impact just in a few countries. This paper presents the current status of electricity generation in the world, various sources of industrial electricity generation, and role of nuclear power with a comparison of nuclear-energy systems to other energy systems. A comparison of the latest data on electricity generation with those several years old shows that world usage of coal, gas, nuclear, and oil has decreased by 1 ? 2%, but usage of renewables has increased by 1% for hydro, and 2% for other renewable sources.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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