This paper proposes to optimally adjust the exhaust valve opening (EVO) timing for faster selective catalytic reduction (SCR) aftertreatment system warm-up during the cold start phase of the federal test procedure (FTP). Early termination of the power stroke by EVO timing advance increases the engine exhaust gas temperature. It, on the other hand, causes exhaust flow rate reduction that decreases the coefficient of the heat transfer from the exhaust gas to the catalyst. The competing effects along with the fuel consumption increase associated with early EVO need careful consideration and the optimal EVO timing is a load-dependent balance of all these effects. This careful balance is achieved in this paper by dynamic programing (DP). Specifically, the minimum time to light-off (TTL) is formulated and applied to the cold phase of the FTP. A high fidelity detailed and verified engine and aftertreatment model is effectively simplified to enable utilizing computationally expensive DP optimization algorithm. Optimization results indicate that advancing the EVO reduces the TTL for the SCR catalyst from 659 s to 500 s, a 24% reduction. This fastest possible increase in the SCR temperature is shown to be with an expense of 4.1% increase in the fuel consumption. The results are dependent to the target light-off temperature and the load profile. Assuming a specific light-off temperature and the FTP, possible rule-based scenarios for online optimization are discussed.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Optimal Exhaust Valve Opening Control for Fast Aftertreatment Warm Up in Diesel Engines
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Salehi, R, & Stefanopoulou, AG. "Optimal Exhaust Valve Opening Control for Fast Aftertreatment Warm Up in Diesel Engines." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 2: Control and Optimization of Connected and Automated Ground Vehicles; Dynamic Systems and Control Education; Dynamics and Control of Renewable Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Energy Systems; Estimation and Identification; Intelligent Transportation and Vehicles; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Aftertreatment Systems; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Powertrain Systems; Modeling and Management of Power Systems. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. September 30–October 3, 2018. V002T26A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2018-9178
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