This paper addresses an energy-balanced leader-switching policy for formation rotation control of multi-agent systems inspired by bird flocks. Birds that flock in V-formation with a leader rotation strategy are able to travel longer distances due to reduced drag and therefore less energy expenditure. This flocking behavior with a leader rotation will result in more conservation of overall energy and will be particularly beneficial to migrating birds that should fly long distances without landing. In this paper, we propose an energy-balanced leader-switching policy inspired by this bird flocking behavior in order to increase the flight range for multi-agent systems. The formation control of multi-agent systems is achieved by the consensus algorithm, which is fully decentralized through the use of information exchanges between agents. The proposed leader-switching method is not necessarily incorporated with the consensus dynamics and thus, the leader-switching algorithm can be decoupled from formation control dynamics. Therefore, the proposed method can simplify the leader-switching algorithm, making it easy to implement. Moreover, we propose the analytic flight distance based on the energy consumption model for each agent. To test the validity of the developed method, several simulation results are presented.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.