As well known steam turbines are strongly affected because of vibrations. Unstable vibrations can appear together with steady-state vibrations. We present the results of numerical computations about unstable flow and its interaction on blades of steam turbines, which can lead to unstable modes of vibration. Unstable phenomena appear as a result of interaction of blades with the stream of steam flow where the pressure field provides the force. The analysis centers particularly in the last stage or L-0 of a 110 MW turbine. Navier-Stokes equations are resolved in two dimensions using a commercial program called Fluent based on finite-volume method. A 2-D geometry model was built in order to represent the dimensional aspects of the diaphragm as well as the rotor located in the last stage of the turbine. Periodic boundary conditions were applied to both sides of the blade with the purpose of simplifying the computation avoiding resolve for the whole wheel. The computations were conducted in both modes, steady state and time dependent. The results show the distribution of pressure fields as a function of the distance to the exit edge of the diaphragm blades. Also, the pressure and velocity fields are shown through contours along the flow channel between the diaphragm blades. The paper includes the time-dependence behavior of pressure field. A Fourier analysis is used to determine the characteristic frequencies of the system, based on numerical results.
Numerical Analysis of Unstable Flow in Last-Stage Blades of Steam Turbines
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Garci´a, JC, Kubiak, J, Sierra, F, Gonza´lez, G, & Urquiza, G. "Numerical Analysis of Unstable Flow in Last-Stage Blades of Steam Turbines." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 2nd Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated With the 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Fora. Miami, Florida, USA. July 17–20, 2006. pp. 305-309. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2006-98498
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