The effect of ribs with different cross-stream profiles are investigated through detailed, surface mass (heat) transfer distributions along four active walls of a square duct containing a sharp 180° bend. The duct simulates two passes of an internal coolant channel in a gas turbine engine with ribs mounted on two opposite walls. Mass (heat) transfer measurements, taken using the naphthalene sublimation technique, are presented for Reynolds numbers of 30,000, and rotation number of 0.3. Comparisons are made with conventional ribs having a rectangular cross-section. It is shown that the use of certain profiled ribs provides considerable heat transfer enhancements over conventional ribs with the same blockage ratio in the duct. These enhancements are attributed to the generation of longitudinal vorticity (or secondary flows) by the profiled ribs in the channel.

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