To guarantee a faultless operation of a turbine it is necessary to know the dynamic performance of the machine especially during start-up and shut-down. In this paper the vibration behaviour of a low pressure model steam turbine which has been intentionally mistuned is investigated at the resonance point of an eigenfrequency crossing an engine order. Strain gauge measurements as well as tip timing analysis have been used, whereby a very good agreement is found between the methods. To enhance the interpretation of the data measured, an analytical mass-spring-model, which incorporates degrees of freedom for the blades as well as for the rotor shaft, is presented. The vibration amplitude varies strongly from blade to blade. This is caused by the mistuning parameters and the coupling through the rotor shaft. This circumferential blade amplitude distribution is investigated at different operating conditions. The results show an increasing aerodynamic coupling with increasing fluid density, which becomes visible in a changing circumferential blade amplitude distribution. Furthermore the blade amplitudes rise non-linearly with increasing flow velocity, while the amplitude distribution is almost independent. Additionally, the mechanical and aerodynamic damping parameters are calculated by means of a non-linear regression method. Based on measurements at different density conditions, it is possible to extrapolate the damping parameters down to vacuum conditions, where aerodynamic damping is absent. Hence the material damping parameter can be determined.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.