Leakage flow plays an important role on the performance evaluation of hydraulic components. Leakage flow induces adverse influences on many practical industrial applications. For the sake of reducing friction and/or abrasion, most of the high-speed hydraulic components install some kind of non-contact seals to minimize leakage flow, the labyrinth seal is the most popular one. This research is to investigate the leakage flow of labyrinth seals in hydraulic components by using numerical analysis technique. The parameters investigated in this study are cavity number, cavity width, cavity depth, cavity gap, and Reynolds number. The traditional rectangular cavity is considered in this research. It shows that cavity width is about 20∼30 times of clearance, cavity depth is about 3∼5 times of clearance, cavity gap is greater than 50 times of clearance, cavity depth to width ratio is about 0.15∼0.25, and cavity gap to width ratio is greater than 2.5 have better sealing capability.

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