In the previous paper, the optimum meridian profile of impeller was obtained for various specific speed by means of five shape factors. In this paper, the optimum meridian profile of impeller is obtained by means of eight shape factors. The basic five shape factors are inlet relative flow angle β1, turning angle Δβ, axial velocity ratio kc = Cm2/Cm1 impeller diameter ratio kd = D1c/D2c and outlet hub-tip ratio ν2 (β1 and Δβ are in mid span stream surface). The additional three parameters are three stream lines solidity (tip solidity σt, mid span solidity σc, and hub solidity σh). The blade length of impeller meridian profile is able to obtain by additional three parameters. The method of optimization is the calculation of hydraulic efficiency and suction specific speed in all combinations of eight shape parameters. The number of five shape factors are expressed by Nβ1, NΔβ, Nkc, Nkd, Nν2. The number of calculations is expressed by Nβ1 × NΔβ × Nkc × Nkd × Nν2. For example, Nβ1 = NΔβ = Nkc = Nkd = Nν2 = 40, the number of calculations is about 100000000. The calculation time is about 2 hours. The best parameters are selected in 100000000 cases. In case of eight shape factors, the number of calculation is Nβ1 × NΔβ × Nkc × Nkd × Nν2 × Nσt × Nσc × Nσh. Nβ1 = NΔβ = Nkc = Nkd = Nν2 = Nσt = Nσc = Nσh = 10, the number of calculation is 100000000. In this case, the calculation time of eight shape factors is as same as that of five shape factors. By means of this method, the more detailed optimum mixed flow impeller meridian shape is obtained. In case study, the best 1000 optimum meridian profiles and the best design parameter are selected for few kinds of specific speed using eight dimensional optimum method. In the previous paper, the mixed flow angle on tip meridian stream line isn’t able to be decided by this optimization using diffusion factor. But, in this paper, the mixed flow angle is able to be decided by the number of blade and optimum solidity. As the best solidity of three stream lines is obtained, the axial coordinates of impeller inlet and outlet are obtained. The more detailed optimum mixed flow impeller meridian shape is drawn.
Case Study of Impeller Profile Considering Additional Parameters
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Tsugawa, T. "Case Study of Impeller Profile Considering Additional Parameters." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference. Volume 3. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. July 11–15, 2004. pp. 17-22. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT-FED2004-56059
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