In this paper, numerical simulations were performed for the gas-particle two phase flow in the cold gas dynamic spray process to investigate the acceleration of micro- and nanoparticles with diameters ranging from 100nm to 50μm. Nitrogen (N2) and Helium (He) were chosen as the carrier gas, respectively. The acceleration of carrier gas to particles in the De-Laval-Type supersonic nozzle was strongly dependent on the characteristics of flow field, as well as the densities and the size of the particles. Two kind of particles Copper (Cu) and Platinum (Pt) were chosen as the spraying materials. The computed results showed that the flow structures of the carrier gas were very different for different gas and different spraying distance, which resulted in consequently different accelerating features. The cone-shape weak shocks (compression waves) occurred at the exit of divergent section, and the bow-shaped strong shock wave was found right before the substrate, which played a resistance role to the particles and prevented the smaller particles from approaching on the substrate.
- Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
The Effects of the Distance Between Nozzle and Substrate on Cold Gas Dynamic Spray Process
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Li, L, Cui, W, Chen, Q, Jen, T, & Liao, Q. "The Effects of the Distance Between Nozzle and Substrate on Cold Gas Dynamic Spray Process." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Summer Heat Transfer Conference collocated with the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems. Heat Transfer: Volume 3. San Francisco, California, USA. July 17–22, 2005. pp. 145-150. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2005-72372
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