This paper presents a numerical study of laminar forced convection in microchannels network heat sinks with fabricated offset pin-fins. A 3-dimensional mathematical model, for conjugate heat transfer in both solid and liquid is presented. For this aim the Navier-Stokes and energy equations for the liquid region and the energy equation for the solid region are solved simultaneously and the pressure drop together heat transfer characteristics of a single-phase microchannel heat sink were investigated. A typical microchannel was selected and it was shown that using offset pin-fins has a noticeable effect and heat removal rate can be increased using this technique. However the pressure drop is also highly increasing which leads to a low coefficient of performance for microchannel with this type of micro-structure.

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