This study is devoted to propose a method of finite element technique to account for the hysteresis effect of a piezoelectric bimorph beam deflector. To this end, the constitutive equations of a general piezoelectric material are first modified to include the hysteresis effect by adding a polarization term in one of constitutive equations. Based on these modified constitutive equations and employment of Preisach model for hysteresis, the governing equations of the bimorph beam are derived through the utilization of Hamilton’s principle and calculus of variation. In addition, according to the common physical rules, boundary, transition and continuous conditions are next formulated to complement the governing equations. Simulations are finally conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed modeling technique and decipher the dynamic behavior of the piezoelectric beam with consideration of hysteresis effect.

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