A finite element analysis using ABAQUS v6.6 has been performed to investigate the penetration behaviour of different target structures under the impact velocities of 1000 & 1200 m/s. The analysis has been performed to study the effect of the target configuration and the effect of introducing a damping material like rubber within the target structure on the penetration behaviour of these targets. Three dimensional (3D) models of targets consisting of various discrete one, two and three layers of hardened steel have been developed. The total thickness of each single or multiple layer steel target is 25 mm. These targets have been subjected to the impact of a projectile which was either blunt or had a hemispherical end and is made from a tungsten rod. Furthermore, 3D models consisting of layers of a damping material sandwiched between steel layers have also been developed and analysed. It is found that a purely steel target of multiple layers but of the same total thickness as a single layer steel target produced less residual velocity. This implies that the multiple layer steel targets produced more penetration resistance and, therefore, absorbed more of the impact energy than the single layer steel target. Similarly, multiple layer composite targets comprising layers of a damping material sandwiched between steel layers produced a greater penetration resistance and less residual velocity than a single layer steel target. However, the multiple layer composite targets only produced a slightly greater penetration resistance and less residual velocity than a multiple layer steel target.

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