A novel vibration energy harvester (VEH) architecture is developed to eliminate the need for restoring force elements (springs) in the VEH. The architecture can realize VEHs with arbitrarily low center frequency. Two prototypes were fabricated and tested to demonstrate the feasibility of this architecture. The center frequency of the first prototype was found to be 2 Hz demonstrating low frequency operation. The second prototype improve the performance by five times at much smaller footprint using thin film fabrication process and precision alignment.

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