Abstract

This paper presents a data-driven model order reduction strategy for nonlinear systems based on dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). First, the theory of DMD is briefly reviewed and its extension to model order reduction of nonlinear systems based on Galerkin projection is introduced. The proposed method utilizes impulse response of the nonlinear system to obtain snapshots of the state variables, and extracts dynamic modes that are then used for the projection basis vectors. The equations of motion of the system can then be projected onto the subspace spanned by the basis vectors, which produces the projected governing equations with much smaller number of degrees of freedom (DOFs). The method is applied to the construction of the reduced order model (ROM) of a finite element model (FEM) of a cantilevered beam subjected to a piecewise-linear boundary condition. First, impulse response analysis of the beam is conducted to obtain the snapshot matrix of the nodal displacements. The DMD is then applied to extract the DMD modes and eigenvalues. The extracted DMD mode shapes can be used to form a reduction basis for the Galerkin projection of the equation of motion. The obtained ROM has been used to conduct the forced response calculation of the beam subjected to the piecewise linear boundary condition. The results obtained by the ROM agree well with that obtained by the full-order FEM model.

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