Abstract

Layton’s Analytical System Dynamics theory for modeling multidisciplinary physical systems with Lagrangian differential algebraic equations (DAEs) is extended by introducing a technique for using hierarchical reusable modules. Connections between submodels are represented in a systematic manner using kinematic constraints and Lagrange multipliers. Simulation software design issues are discussed: data structures, consistent initial conditions, index reduction, and DAE solvers. An example of an electromechanical feedback control system is presented in detail.

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