The paper is aimed at studying the overall dynamic behavior of the Common Rail Injection System actually used on a 4 cylinder industrial Diesel engine.
Firstly, the paper introduces the main characteristics of a lumped and distributed parameters model of the high pressure branch of an actual Common Rail System, and the main hypotheses assumed to model it using a multi-port approach code for the analysis of the dynamic response of hydraulic systems submitted to fast transients.
The model of the Common Rail System is then used to study its dynamic behavior when involved in the handling of the engine injection cycle for medium values of the crankshaft regime and for different pressure levels in the Rail. The analysis is performed applying to the injectors, to the pressure control valve and to the high-pressure pump the control strategies imposed by the Electronic Central Unit (ECU), as actually implemented into an industrial ECU for Diesel engine management.
The model reliability and accuracy are evidenced through a numerical vs. experimental data comparison, mainly in term of rail pressure dynamic behavior.
The analysis successively outlined in the paper allows to state how the hydraulic behavior of the Common Rail System interact with the electro-hydraulic injectors dynamics, and to determine the influence of this interaction on the total injected mass per cycle.