Compact spinning is a novel concept generated through re-engineering of established ring spinning process by attaching a pneumatic zone to existing ring spinning machine. Compact spinning achieves a remarkable improvement in yarn quality and yarn structure through better utilization of fibre properties. The advantageous yarn characteristics provide better opportunities for cost savings in subsequent processing stages. Another interesting aspect is the possibility of developing new textile products using compact spinning. There are three major manufacturers in the field of compact spinning machines namely, Sussen (Elite spinning), Rieter (Comfor spin), and Zinser (Air-Com- Tex 700). First launch of Elite spinning machine in India faced a setback due to few practical problems like inadequate lubricating film on ring (does not allow the maximum spindle speed to be achieved), higher maintenance cost, higher labour cost and apron clogging due to accumulation of fly. However, with further developments compact spinning will certainly be the future of ring spinning, on account of its higher productivity and yarn quality.
Compact Spinning: A Critical Review
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Kumar, A, Ishtiaque, SM, & Salhotra, KR. "Compact Spinning: A Critical Review." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Textile Engineering. Washington, DC, USA. November 15–21, 2003. pp. 59-68. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2003-55321
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