As the first stage of a comprehensive investigation of turbulence effect on the aerodynamics of sphere, the effect of freestream turbulence on the wake generated behind a sphere is investigated in this study. A 10 cm (4 in) diameter plastic sphere was placed in a wind tunnel of cross section 75 cm by 75 cm. The freestream turbulence was generated by fixing a perforated plate to the entrance of the test section. The wake was characterized using a normal constant-temperature hotwire at 30D, 40D and 50D (11.25d, 15d & 18.75d respectively) downstream of the sphere (where D = 3.75 cm is the diameter of the perforated plate hole, and d is the diameter of the sphere). The Reynolds number of the flow, based on the mean velocity and the diameter of the sphere, was 6.6 × 104. Based on the instantaneous velocity measurement, Kolmogorov length scale, integral length scale and relative turbulence intensity in the wake were deduced.
Experimental Investigation of Perforated Plate Turbulent Flow Past a Solid Sphere
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Tyagi, H, Liu, R, Ting, DS, & Johnston, CR. "Experimental Investigation of Perforated Plate Turbulent Flow Past a Solid Sphere." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Fluids Engineering. Anaheim, California, USA. November 13–19, 2004. pp. 577-585. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2004-60340
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