One of the major drawbacks of single-point incremental forming process for sheet metal (SPIF) consists in the poor geometrical accuracy of formed parts. This limits the use of SPIF technology and has pushed the development of alternative incremental processes—such as the two-points incremental forming—aimed at improving the forming accuracy. However, these processes require the use of supporting dies and they therefore reduce the competitive advantage of SPIF process. The possibility to compensate for part springback, in order to have the part geometry as close as possible to the nominal one, represents one of the major challenges to make SPIF process suitable for real industrial applications. However, any possible approach in springback compensation must pass through the comprehension of the springback phenomenon. The objective of the paper is to analyze the springback of parts made by SPIF, by evaluating the influence that elastic recovery before and after the part unclamping has on the final part geometry. A SPIF experimental campaign was carried out on a truncated pyramid as case study, by varying both the part geometrical parameters (the wall angle and the height), and the process parameters (the tool step-down size and the feed rate). The material used in this study was the duplex steel DP600 provided in 0.8 mm thick sheets. After forming—but before unclamping—the part geometry was measured by means of of an electronic touch probe mounted on the machine tool-holder, in order to investigate the elastic recovery due to the successive tool laps. After unclamping, the part geometry was measured on a coordinate measuring machine. The influence of geometrical and process parameters was analyzed and the contribution of elastic recovery before and after the part unclamping was assessed.

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