Abstract

The term whiplash was introduced in 1928. Since its introduction, it has been primarily dedicated to refer to the sequela of events stemming from vehicular rear-end crashes wherein the human body is initially accelerated from back to front through dynamic impact. Other terminologies have included cantilever injury, hyperextension injuries, cervical sprain/strain, and acceleration-deceleration syndrome. It is estimated that 86% of all clinically seen neck injuries result from motor vehicle crashes and that 85% of these injuries occur due to rear-end impact. Precise estimates for the actual incidence and the associated economics of the injury are not easily available. This is primarily due to the multitude of variables involved in the production and assessment of trauma. Vehicular factors, occupant demographics and positioning at the time of crash, and collision variables together with the human tolerance constitute a significant body of parameters responsible for the injury sequela; symptoms may be acute or chronic. A generally reported incidence rate of whiplash injury is about one in 1000 in Western countries and approximately 25% of the patients become chronic with 10% suffering serious pain [1].

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