Damage tolerance methods are widely used to assure reliability of fracture critical components in advanced gas turbine engines. Although low cycle fatigue often determines component lifetime, high cycle fatigue of airfoils and airfoil attachment regions is a growing concern. Crack-growth-rate behavior tends to dominate life under low cycle fatigue, but crack formation and the threshold crack growth condition, ΔKth, are crucial under high cycle fatigue. In addition to material-dependent effects, key factors controlling fatigue crack growth thresholds in titanium alloys used in turbine engines include effects of load spectra, crack geometry, crack size, and residual stress. The utility of ΔKth as a life prediction criterion is examined under load histories that contain both low and high cycle fatigue. These results are discussed with respect to life management methods used for titanium-alloy fan and compressor components in high performance turbine engines.

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