This paper presents the fluid flow in nanochannels with permeable walls using the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A three-dimensional Couette flow has been carried out to investigate the effect of the permeable surface on the fluid density distributions and the slip velocity. The ordering layer of molecules is constructed near the smooth surface but it was destroyed by the permeable ones resulting in the density drop in porous wall. The fluid density in porous wall is large under strong fluid-structure interaction (FSI) and it is decreased under weak FSI. The negative slip is observed for fluid flow past solid walls under strong FSI, no-slip under medium FSI and positive slip under weak FSI whatever it is smooth or porous. Moreover, the largest slip velocity and slip length occur on the smooth surface of solid wall. As predicted by Maxwell theory, the molecule is bounced back when it impinges on the smooth surface. The molecules, however, can reside in porous wall by replacing the molecules that are trapped in the pores. Moreover, the molecule can escape from the pore and enter the channel becoming a free molecule. After travelling for a period time in the channel, the molecule can enter the pore again. During the molecular movement, the momentum exchange has been implemented not only between fluid molecules and wall but also between the fluid molecules themselves in the pore, and the multi-collision between fluid molecules takes place. The reduced slip velocity at the porous wall results in the larger friction coefficient compared to the smooth surface wall. The molecular boundary condition predicted by Maxwell theory on the smooth surface is no longer valid for flow past the permeable surface, and a novel boundary condition should be introduced.
- Heat Transfer Division
Molecular Dynamics Study on Fluid Flow in Nanochannels With Permeable Walls
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Xie, J, & Cao, B. "Molecular Dynamics Study on Fluid Flow in Nanochannels With Permeable Walls." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 5th International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer. Volume 1: Micro/Nanofluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip; Nanofluids; Micro/Nanoscale Interfacial Transport Phenomena; Micro/Nanoscale Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer; Micro/Nanoscale Thermal Radiation; Micro/Nanoscale Energy Devices and Systems. Biopolis, Singapore. January 4–6, 2016. V001T01A001. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/MNHMT2016-6421
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