Passive wave absorption is usually employed at the downstream end of a wave flume or basin to avoid the build-up of wave energy in the tank. However, absorption of waves is not perfect in physical tanks. A beach of different shape and/or composition can result in different absorption efficiency. Laboratory investigations of various passive beach configurations are costly and time-consuming. A more efficient approach is to perform studies using a numerical wave tank (NWT), which in turn requires empirical data to tune the dissipative effects.
This study attempts to better understand the quality of waves simulated in a laboratory flume with a uniformly inclined porous beach and a parabolic-shaped solid beach. The data will be used to validate a newly-developed NWT with passive wave absorption. Different incident wave properties are examined and the reflection coefficient is calculated primarily with the two-probe method proposed by Goda & Suzuki (1976) and compared with other methods. An overview of the experiments, absorption analysis and numerical simulation is presented and discussed.