The metal magnetic memory (MMM) technology, a new nondestructive evaluation (NDE) method, is an effective means for early damage prediction. However, there is so much work to do, such as the relationship between the magnetic field density and stress state. This paper aims at finding out MMM signal characteristics of critical damage stress state by tension experiments. Comparisons between MMM testing and traditional NDE method are presented. The principle of MMM testing is investigated. Different materials, low carbon steal X70 and medium carbon Q235B, are detected on-line and off-line respectively. It is found that MMM signal rules are gradually increasing up to fluctuating on the verge of yield and sharp changing of magnetic polarity on the verge of fracture. With the increase in material strength, magnetic field density of low carbon steel X70 is lower than that of medium carbon steel Q235B. This offers fundamental study for the quantitative MMM testing of critical damage stress state.

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