Understanding the behavior of the natural knee in deep flexion can offer insight into the necessary design characteristics of a total knee implant. Andriacchi et al.  measured the in vivo characteristics of knee motion down to ∼150° knee flexion during a weight bearing squat. Likewise, Li et al.  investigated deep knee flexion in vitro using robotic technology during passive knee flexion. Both of these studies offer insight into the behavior of the knee in deep knee flexion; however, they have some limitations with regards to assessing physiological activities in a controlled manner. The purpose of this study was to measure the kinematics of the knee during a simulated in vitro deep knee squat so that in the future a dynamic, load-bearing, simulated deep knee squat could be used as a tool in the design of total knee prostheses.
Knee Kinematics During an In Vitro Simulated Deep Flexion Squat
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Clary, CW, Mane, AM, Reeve, AN, Dodd, KA, & Maletsky, LP. "Knee Kinematics During an In Vitro Simulated Deep Flexion Squat." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Keystone, Colorado, USA. June 20–24, 2007. pp. 663-664. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2007-176683
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