Axial loading of the lower leg during short-duration impulsive events, such as ejection seat and parachute landings, or in-vehicle landmine blasts, can cause significant lower limb injuries. To date, most of the research investigating the axial injury tolerance levels of the lower limb has been conducted by the car crash industry [e.g., 1]. The aforementioned short-duration events achieve higher forces over less time than car crashes, and as such, investigation into the applicability of the current injury criterion is required.

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