Treatment of distal third tibia fractures remains challenging. New intramedullary nails provide torsional stability by using distal interlocking screws. In this study we attempted to determine the most biomechanically stable number and configuration of distal locking screws. The distal part of human cadaveric tibia bones was nailed using a tibial nail (Stryker T2). Distal locking was performed in three different configurations: (a) Group I: 2 screws in the medio-lateral (ML) direction, (b) Group II: 1 ML screw and 1 Screw in the antero-posterior (AP) direction, and (c) Group III: 2 ML screws and 1 AP screw. The specimens were then mounted onto a mechanical testing machine (Instron) and tested in compression. The load carrying capacity of the samples from Group III with these locking screws was higher than Group I & II, although this difference was not statistically significant.

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