Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent as multipotent stem cells which hold the abilities of self-renewal and give rise to cells of diverse lineages [1]. With their remarkable combination of multipotent differentiation potential and low immunogenicity, MSCs are considered to be an attractive candidate for cell-based tissue repair and regenerative tissue engineering [2, 3]. Increasing number of studies has demonstrated that mobilization and migration of injected MSCs to the damaged tissues is a key step for these cells to participate in disease treatment and tissue regeneration [4, 5].

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