Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices, which include ventricular assist devices (VADs), offer an attractive solution to approximately 35,000 end-stage heart failure patients eligible for transplants, of which only 2,000–2,300 are performed annually . These devices are employed to augment the function of the ailing left and/or right ventricle and serve as bridge-to-transplant or destination therapy, but are often accompanied by thrombotic complications. Pathologic flow patterns are characteristic of VADs and increase susceptibility to shear-induced platelet activation, which leads to thrombus formation . Patients implanted with such devices are routinely prescribed antiplatelets to tackle these complications. Despite this concurrent therapy, thromboembolic incident rates of 0.9–13% are reported for the widely-implanted Thoratec HeartMate II and MicroMed DeBakey VADs [3, 4]. This has spurred the development of design optimization techniques to lower or eliminate the incidence of thrombosis and reduce the dependence on pharmacotherapy management.
- Bioengineering Division
In Vitro Evaluation of Shear-Induced Platelet Activation in the MicroMed DeBakey Ventricular Assist Device With Antiplatelet Therapy
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Sheriff, J, Girdhar, G, George, S, Chiu, W, Lynch, BE, Jesty, J, Slepian, MJ, & Bluestein, D. "In Vitro Evaluation of Shear-Induced Platelet Activation in the MicroMed DeBakey Ventricular Assist Device With Antiplatelet Therapy." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01AT05A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14088
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