The extended surface literature from 1922 to 1987 is reviewed. The review begins with the classic NACA report of Harper and Brown published in 1922 and concludes with the works of Marto, Wanniarachchi, Rose, Mitrou, and Razelos published in 1986. A section entitled “The Beginnings” traces the accomplishments of the pioneers and it covers the period from 1922 to 1945 which coincides with the publication of Gardner’s landmark paper. At this point, a chronological approach is abandoned in favor of a categorization into topical areas. These are the elimination of the Murray–Gardner assumptions, boiling and condensation, experimental endeavors, compact heat exchangers, internally finned configurations, numerical analyses, optimizations, analyses of finned arrays, and additional topics including the use of extended surface to augment heat transfer, heat transfer in electrical and electronic equipment, purely mathematical techniques, and heat and mass transfer.

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