Application of Fractional Scaling Analysis for development and design of Integral Effects Test facility

[+] Author and Article Information
Milorad Dzodzo

Westinghouse Electric Company, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066, USA

Francesco Oriolo

Università di Pisa, Via Diotisalvi 2, I-56126 - Pisa, Italy

Walter Ambrosini

Università di Pisa, Via Diotisalvi 2, I-56126 - Pisa, Italy

Marco E. Ricotti

Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa, 34 - 20156 - Milano, Italy

Davor Grgic

FER, University of Zagreb, Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Roberta Ferri

SIET S.p.A., UdP, Via Nino Bixio 27/c, 29121 Piacenza, Italy

Andrea Achilli

SIET S.p.A., UdP, Via Nino Bixio 27/c, 29121 Piacenza, Italy

Fosco Bianchi

ENEA, UTFISSM, Via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy

Paride Meloni

ENEA, UTFISSM, Via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4042496 History: Received April 09, 2018; Revised December 19, 2018


The aim of this paper is to present Fractional Scaling Analysis (FSA) application for a system with interacting components where multiple figures of merits need to be respected during complex transient accident scenario with several consecutive time sequences. This paper presents FSA application to the IRIS (International Reactor Innovative and Secure) reactor and SPES3 (Simulatore Pressurizzato per Esperienze di Sicurezza 3) Integral Effects Test (IET) facility. The FSA was applied for the Small Break Loss Of Coolant Accident (SBLOCA) on the Direct Vessel Injection (DVI) line as the most challenging transient scenario. The FSA methodologies were applied for two figures of merits: 1. reactor and containment vessels pressure responses, and 2. reactor vessel water collapsed level response. The space decomposition was performed first. The reactor vessel and containment vessel were divided in components so that important phenomena can be evaluated in each of them. After that the time decomposition in consecutive time sequences was performed for the considered transient (DVI SBLOCA) based on the starts, or ends, of the defining events. The configuration of the system in each time sequence might be different and dependent on the control system actions connecting, or disconnecting, various components of the system due to the valves openings, or closings. This way the important phenomena and their consequences can be evaluated for each component and time sequence. This paper presents and discusses options for deriving non-dimensional groups and calculation of distortions between prototype and model responses for complex transients containing multiple consecutive time sequences.

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