Experimental evaluation of CHF in downward-facing boiling on SS304L flat plate relevant to in-calandria retention in PHWRs

[+] Author and Article Information
Sumit Vishnu Prasad

Division of engineering sciences, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India - 400094

Arun Nayak

Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, INDIA - 400085

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4044410 History: Received March 25, 2019; Revised July 15, 2019


Retention of corium inside the Calandria Vessel (CV) by externally cooling it by calandria vault water is essential to mitigate severe accidents in PHWRs. The thermal failure of CV can be prevented by effective decay heat removal on the outer surface of CV using vault water, which depends on the heat transfer behaviour from the outer surface of CV to the vault water. Determination of limiting heat removal capability of vault sub-cooled water through outer surface of calandria vessel is very important. Since, the calandria vessel has a very large diameter and length, the bottom most part of the calandria vessel almost behaves as a flat plate with downward natural convection boiling heat transfer. The natural convection heat transfer is lesser on the flat surface as compared to the curved surface of the CV. Thus, the CHF on the flat surface under downward boiling condition is the limiting CHF of the CV under external surface boiling scenario. In order to estimate CHF in this configuration with local boiling, experiments were carried out on a downward facing SS304L flat plate simulating the conditions of CV of 700 MWe Indian PHWR. The pool boiling CHF obtained in this study is also compared with other earlier works.

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