This paper discusses a computer simulation of a pneumatic portable piston-type artificial heart drive system with a linear d-c-motor. The purpose of the design is to obtain an artificial heart drive system with high efficiency and small dimensions to enhance portability. The design employs two factors contributing the total efficiency of the drive system. First, the dimensions of the pneumatic actuator were optimized under a cost function of the total efficiency. Second, the motor performance was studied in terms of efficiency. More than 50 percent of the input energy of the actuator with practical loads is consumed in the armature circuit in all linear d-c-motors with brushes. An optimal design is: the piston cross-sectional area of 10.5 cm2 cylinder longitudinal length of 10 cm. The total efficiency could be up to 25 percent by improving the gasket to reduce the frictional force.
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Design of a Portable Artificial Heart Drive System Based on Efficiency Analysis
University of Houston, University Park, Houston, Tex. 77004
Kitamura, T. (November 1, 1986). "Design of a Portable Artificial Heart Drive System Based on Efficiency Analysis." ASME. J Biomech Eng. November 1986; 108(4): 350–354. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3138627
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