A parametric study was conducted to compare the resistance to shear force provided by three surgical implantation techniques and three endplate designs for use with a polymeric lumbar intervertebral disk spacer. While under an axial load, the implant was pushed out laterally through the surgical window created for implantation. Force at 0.3 mm displacement, slope of the initial portion of the force-displacement graph, and maximum force were measured. The results indicate that implants with pegs, inclined planes, or domes on the surfaces of the disk will add significantly to the shear stability of the implant while maintaining the simplicity of a single part device.

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