Glenoid component loosening is the dominant cause of failure in total shoulder arthroplasty. It is presumed that loosening in the glenoid is caused by high stresses in the cement layer. Several anchorage systems have been designed with the aim of reducing the loosening rate, the two major categories being “keeled” fixation and “pegged” fixation. However, no three-dimensional finite element analysis has been performed to quantify the stresses in the cement or to compare the different glenoid prosthesis anchorage systems. The objective of this study was to determine the stresses in the cement layer and surrounding bone for glenoid replacement components. A three-dimensional model of the scapula was generated using CT data for geometry and material property definition. Keeled and pegged designs were inserted into the glenoid, surrounded by a 1-mm layer of bone cement. A 90 deg arm abduction load with a full muscle and joint load was applied, following van der Helm (1994). Deformations of the prosthesis, stresses in the cement, and stresses in the bone were calculated. Stresses were also calculated for a simulated case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in which bone properties were modified to reflect that condition. A maximum principal stress-based failure model was used to predict what quantity of the cement is at risk of failure at the levels of stress computed. The prediction is that 94 percent (pegged prosthesis) and 68 percent (keeled prosthesis) of the cement has a greater than 95 percent probability of survival in normal bone. In RA bone, however, the situation is reversed where 86 percent (pegged prosthesis) and 99 percent (keeled prosthesis) of the cement has a greater than 95 percent probability of survival. Bone stresses are shown to be not much affected by the prosthesis design, except at the tip of the central peg or keel. It is concluded that a “pegged” anchorage system is superior for normal bone, whereas a “keeled” anchorage system is superior for RA bone. [S0148-0731(00)01804-5]
Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Glenoid Replacement Prostheses: A Comparison of Keeled and Pegged Anchorage Systems
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division June 6, 1999; revised manuscript received March 22, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: K.-N. An.
Lacroix , D., Murphy , L. A., and Prendergast, P. J. (March 22, 2000). "Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Glenoid Replacement Prostheses: A Comparison of Keeled and Pegged Anchorage Systems ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2000; 122(4): 430–436. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1286318
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