This article reports the results of a numerical computation of the length and total pressure drop in the entrance region of a circular tube with laminar flows of pseudoplastic and dilatant fluids at high Reynolds numbers (i.e., approximately 400 or higher). The analysis utilizes equations for the apparent viscosity that span the entire shear rate regime, from the zero to the infinite shear rate Newtonian regions, including the power law and the two transition regions. Solutions are thus reported for all shear rates that may exist in the flow field, and a shear rate parameter is identified that quantifies the shear rate region where the system is operating. The entrance lengths and total pressure drops were found to be bound by the Newtonian and power law values, the former being approached when the system is operating in either the zero or the infinite shear rate Newtonian regions. The latter are approached when the shear rates are predominantly in the power law region but only if, in addition, the zero and infinite shear rate Newtonian viscosities differ sufficiently, by approximately four orders of magnitude or more. For all other cases, namely, when more modest differences in the limiting Newtonian viscosities exist, or when the system is operating in the low- or high-shear rate transition regions, then intermediate results are obtained. Entrance length and total pressure drop values are provided in both graphical form, and in tabular and correlation equation form, for convenient access.
Developing Region Solution for High Reynolds Number Laminar Flows of Pseudoplastic and Dilatant Fluids in Circular Ducts
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 8, 2015; final manuscript received November 7, 2016; published online February 6, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Kausik Sarkar.
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Capobianchi, M., and McGah, P. (February 6, 2017). "Developing Region Solution for High Reynolds Number Laminar Flows of Pseudoplastic and Dilatant Fluids in Circular Ducts." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. April 2017; 139(4): 041202. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4035242
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