A unique fault detection and identification algorithm using measurements for engine control use is presented. The algorithm detects an engine fault and identifies the associated component, using a gas path analysis technique with a detailed nonlinear engine model. The algorithm is intended to detect steplike changes in component performance rather than gradual change of all components. Component performance deviation (efficiency and flow rate) is represented by a magnitude and a phase. The phase is selected to minimize the error of evaluation matrices. Then the magnitude is computed. By utilizing operational data of the IM270 engine, the compressor and the turbine performance deviation was quantitatively identified.

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