This study is concerned with 3D RANS simulation of turbulent flow and combustion in a 5 MW commercial gas turbine combustor. The combustor under consideration is a reverse flow, dry low type, in which methane and air are partially mixed inside swirl vanes. We evaluated different turbulent combustion models to provide insights into mixing, temperature distribution, and emission in the combustor. Validation is performed for the models in STAR-CCM+ against the measurement data for a simple swirl flame (http://public.ca.sandia.gov/TNF/swirlflames.html). The standard model with enhanced wall treatment is employed to model turbulent swirl flow, whereas eddy break-up (EBU), presumed probability density function laminar flamelet model, and partially premixed coherent flame model (PCFM) are tried for reacting flow in the combustor. Independent simulations are carried out for the main and pilot nozzles to avoid flashback and to provide realistic inflow boundary conditions for the combustor. Geometrical details such as air swirlers, vane passages, and liner holes are all taken into account. Tested combustion models show similar downstream distributions of the mean flow and temperature, while EBU and PCFM show a lifted flame with stronger effects of swirl due to limited increase in axial momentum by expansion.
3D RANS Simulation of Turbulent Flow and Combustion in a 5 MW Reverse-Flow Type Gas Turbine Combustor
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Joung, D., and Huh, K. Y. (August 11, 2010). "3D RANS Simulation of Turbulent Flow and Combustion in a 5 MW Reverse-Flow Type Gas Turbine Combustor." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. November 2010; 132(11): 111504. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000894
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