This paper presents observations and simulations of the impact of several technologies on modifying the flow-field and acoustic emissions from supersonic jets from nozzles typical of those used on military aircraft. The flow-field is measured experimentally by shadowgraph and particle image velocimetry. The acoustics are characterized by near- and far-field microphone measurements. The flow- and near-field pressures are simulated by a monotonically integrated large eddy simulation. Use of unstructured grids allows accurate modeling of the nozzle geometry. The emphasis of the work is on “off-design” or nonideally expanded flow conditions. The technologies applied to these nozzles include chevrons, fluidic injection, and fluidically enhanced chevrons. The fluidic injection geometry and the fluidic enhancement geometry follow the approach found successful for subsonic jets by employing jets pitched 60 deg into the flow, impinging on the shear layer just past the tips of the chevrons or in the same axial position when injection is without chevrons.
Supersonic Jet Noise Reduction Technologies for Gas Turbine Engines
Munday, D., Heeb, N., Gutmark, E., Liu, J., and Kailasanath, K. (May 3, 2011). "Supersonic Jet Noise Reduction Technologies for Gas Turbine Engines." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2011; 133(10): 101201. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002914
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