Results are presented that illustrate the effects of single embedded longitudinal vortices on heat transfer and injectant downstream of a row of film-cooling holes in a turbulent boundary layer. Attention is focused on the changes resulting as circulation magnitudes of the vortices are varied from 0.0 to 0.15 m2/s. Mean temperature results are presented that show how injectant is distorted and redistributed by vortices, along with heat transfer measurements and mean velocity surveys. Injection hole diameter is 0.952 cm to give a ratio of vortex core diameter to hole diameter of about 1.5–1.6. The free-stream velocity is maintained at 10 m/s, and the blowing ratio is approximately 0.5. Film-cooling holes are oriented 30 deg with respect to the test surface. Stanton numbers are measured on a constant heat flux surface with a nondimensional temperature parameter of about 1.5. Two different situations are studied: one where the middle injection hole is beneath the vortex downwash, and one where the middle injection hole is beneath the vortex upwash. For both cases, vortex centers pass within 2.9–3.4 vortex core diameters of the centerline of the middle injection hole. To quantify the influences of the vortices on the injectant, two new parameters are introduced. S is defined as the ratio of vortex circulation to injection hole diameter times mean injection velocity. S1 is similarly defined except vortex core diameter replaces injection hole diameter. The perturbation to film injectant and local heat transfer is determined by the magnitudes of S and S1. When S is greater than 1–1.5 or when S1 is greater than 0.7–1.0, injectant is swept into the vortex upwash and above the vortex core by secondary flows, and Stanton number data show evidence of injectant beneath the vortex core and downwash near the wall for x/d only up to about 17.5. For larger x/d, local hot spots are present, and the vortices cause local Stanton numbers to be augmented by as much as 25 percent in the film-cooled boundary layers. When S and S1 are less than these values, some injectant remains near the wall beneath the vortex core and downwash where it continues to provide some thermal protection. In some cases, the protection provided by film cooling is augmented because of vortex secondary flows, which cause extra injectant to accumulate near upwash regions.
Effects of Vortices With Different Circulations on Heat Transfer and Injectant Downstream of a Row of Film-Cooling Holes in a Turbulent Boundary Layer
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Ligrani, P. M., Subramanian, C. S., Craig, D. W., and Kaisuwan, P. (February 1, 1991). "Effects of Vortices With Different Circulations on Heat Transfer and Injectant Downstream of a Row of Film-Cooling Holes in a Turbulent Boundary Layer." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 1991; 113(1): 79–90. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2910555
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