An experimental study has been conducted to determine the void fraction, frictional pressure drop, and heat transfer coefficient for vertical two-phase crossflow of refrigerant R-113 in horizontal tube bundles under saturated flow boiling conditions. The tube bundle contained 5 × 20 tubes in a square in-line array with pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.3. R-113 mass velocity ranged from 50 to 970 kg/m2s and test pressure from 103 to 155 kPa. The void fraction data exhibited strong mass velocity effects and were significantly less than the homogeneous and in-tube flow model predictions. They were found to be well correlated in terms of the dimensionless gas velocity, jg*. The two-phase friction multiplier data could be correlated well in terms of the Lockhart–Martinelli parameter. The validity of these correlations was successfully tested by predicting the total pressure drop from independent R-113 boiling experiments. The two-phase heat transfer coefficient data were found to agree well with existing pool boiling correlations, implying that nucleate boiling was the dominant heat transfer mode in the heat flux range tested.
Two-Phase Crossflow and Boiling Heat Transfer in Horizontal Tube Bundles
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Dowlati, R., Kawaji, M., and Chan, A. M. C. (February 1, 1996). "Two-Phase Crossflow and Boiling Heat Transfer in Horizontal Tube Bundles." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 1996; 118(1): 124–131. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824025
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