An investigation of the pressure drop and impingement zone heat transfer coefficient trends of a single-phase microscale impinging jet was undertaken. Microelectromechanical system (MEMS) processes were used to fabricate a device with a orifice. The water jet impinged on an square heater on a normal surface from the orifice. Because of the extremely small heater area, the conjugate convection-conduction heat transfer process provided an unexpected path for heat losses. A numerical simulation was used to estimate the heat losses, which were quite large. Pressure loss coefficients were much higher in the range than those predicted by available models for short orifice tubes; this behavior was likely due to the presence of the wall onto which the jet impinged. At higher Reynolds numbers, much better agreement was observed. Area-averaged heat transfer coefficients up to were attained in the range . This corresponds to a heat flux at a temperature difference. However, this impingement zone heat transfer coefficient is nearly an order-of-magnitude less than that predicted by correlations developed from macroscale jet data, and the dependence on the Reynolds number is much weaker than expected. Further investigation of microjet heat transfer is needed to explain the deviation from expected behavior.
Single-Phase Microscale Jet Stagnation Point Heat Transfer
Michna, G. J., Browne, E. A., Peles, Y., and Jensen, M. K. (August 26, 2009). "Single-Phase Microscale Jet Stagnation Point Heat Transfer." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. November 2009; 131(11): 111402. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3154750
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