The direct utilization of solar radiation has been considered a promising energy source because of its abundance, sustainability, and cleanness. The conversion of solar radiation into usable heat largely depends on the absorption characteristics of a solar thermal collector. In the present study, we conducted design analysis of a wavelength-selective absorber composed of a two-dimensional Nickel grating, a thin SiO2 film, and a Nickel substrate. Dimensions of the two-dimensional grating were determined with the Taguchi method, which optimized the spectral absorptance for both polarizations. The spectral absorptance demonstrated a broad-band plateau within the visible and the near-infrared spectral region, but it was significantly suppressed at longer wavelengths. Moreover, the absorptance plateau was nearly insensitive to the incident orientation of solar radiation. Physical mechanisms of the absorption enhancement were elucidated with the local magnetic field distribution.
Wavelength-Selective Solar Thermal Absorber With Two-Dimensional Nickel Gratings
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received April 16, 2013; final manuscript received February 23, 2014; published online March 26, 2014. Assoc. Editor: He-Ping Tan.
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Jae Lee, B., Chen, Y., Han, S., Chiu, F., and Jin Lee, H. (March 26, 2014). "Wavelength-Selective Solar Thermal Absorber With Two-Dimensional Nickel Gratings." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. July 2014; 136(7): 072702. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4026954
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